Cardozo School of Law Youth Justice Clinic (2014). Rethinking Rikers: Moving from a Correctional to a Therapeutic Model for Youth by Professor Ellen Yaroshefsky. February: http://www.cardozo.yu.edu/news/rikers
John Marshall Law School (2014). U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s New Directive on Segregation: Why We Need Further Protections. February: http://www.jmls.edu/clinics/international-human-rights/pdfs/customs-segregation-report.pdf.
New Mexico Center on Law and Poverty and the American Civil Liberties Union of New Mexico (2013). Inside the Box: The Real Costs of Solitary Confinement in New Mexico’s Prisons and Jails. October: http://nmpovertylaw.org/WP-nmclp/wordpress/WP-nmclp/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Solitary_Confinement_Report_FINALsmallpdf.com_.pdf.
American Civil Liberties Union of Colorado (2013). Out of Sight, Out of Mind: Colorado’s continued warehousing of mentally ill prisoners in solitary confinement. July: https://www.aclu.org/prisoners-rights/colorado-prisons-continue-warehouse-mentally-ill-solitary-confinement.
American Civil Liberties Union (2013). A Death Before Dying: Solitary Confinement on Death Row. July: https://www.aclu.org/deathrowsolitary.
Physicians for Human Rights (2013). Buried Alive: Solitary Confinement in the US Detention System by Christy Carnegie Fujio JD MA, Kristine Huskey JD, Mike Corradini JD. April: http://physiciansforhumanrights.org/library/reports/buried-alive-solitary-confinement-in-the-us-detention-system.html.
American Civil Liberties Union of Maine (2013). Change is Possible: A Case Study of Solitary Confinement Reform in Maine by Zachary Heiden. March: http://www.aclumaine.org/changeispossible.
American Friends Service Committee Stopmax Campaign (1997). Survival in Solitary: A Manual Written by and for People Living in Control Units. Latest edition 2012: https://afsc.org/document/survivors-manual-surviving-solitary.
ACLU/Human Rights Watch (2012). Growing Up Locked Down: Youth in Solitary Confinement in Jails and Prison Across the United States by Ian Kysel. October: http://www.aclu.org/criminal-law-reform/growing-locked-down-youth-solitary-confinement-jails-and-prisons-across-united
New York Civil Liberties Union (2012). Boxed In: The True Cost of Extreme Isolation in New York’s Prisons by Scarlet Kim, Taylor Pendergrass and Helen Zelon. October: http://www.nyclu.org/news/nyclu-report-exposes-inhumane-arbitrary-use-of-solitary-confinement-ny-state-prisons
Amnesty International (2012). The Edge of Endurance: Prison Conditions in California’s Security Housing Units. September: http://www.amnestyusa.org/research/reports/the-edge-of-endurance-prison-conditions-in-california-s-security-housing-units
Heartland Alliance’s National Immigrant Justice Center and Physicians for Human Rights (2012). Invisible in Isolation: The Use of Segregation and Solitary Confinement in Immigration Detention. September: http://www.immigrantjustice.org/publications/report-invisible-isolation-use-segregation-and-solitary-confinement-immigration-detenti#.Uz4Feq1dVYQ
American Friends Service Committee (2012). Lifetime Lockdown: How Isolation Conditions Impact Prisoner Reentry. August: https://afsc.org/document/lifetime-lockdown-report
New York City Bar Association, Committee on International Human Rights (2011). Supermax Confinement in U.S. Prisons by David Stoelting. September: http://www2.nycbar.org/pdf/report/uploads/20072165-TheBrutalityofSupermaxConfinement.pdf
The Colorado Juvenile Defender Coalition (2011). Caging Children in Crisis. January: www.campaignforyouthjustice.org/documents/CO_CagingChildren.pdf
Human Rights Watch (2009). “Mental Illness, Human Rights, and U.S. Prisons.” Statement for the Record to the Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittee on Human Rights and the Law, September 22: http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2009/09/22/mental-illness-human-rights-and-us-prisons.
Ashley Nellis and Ryan S. King (2009). No Exit: The Expanding Use of Life Sentences in America. The Sentencing Project, July: http://www.sentencingproject.org/doc/publications/publications/inc_noexitseptember2009.pdf.
Human Rights Watch (2009). No Equal Justice: The Prison Litigation Reform Act in the United States. June: http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2009/06/16/no-equal-justice-0.
Lindsay M. Hayes (2009). Characteristics of Juvenile Suicide in Confinement. Juvenile Justice Bulletin, February: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/214434.pdf.
Laura Magnani / AFSC Oakland (2008). Buried Alive: Long-Term Isolation in California’s Youth and Adult Prisons. American Friends Service Committee, May: http://afsc.org/sites/afsc.civicactions.net/files/documents/StopMaxCA.pdf.
Sharon Shalev (2008). Sourcebook on Solitary Confinement. Mannheim Centre for Criminology, London School of Economics and Politics, October: http://solitaryconfinement.org/sourcebook.
Human Rights Watch (2008). Locked Up Alone: Detention Conditions and Mental Health at Guantanamo. June: www.supermaxed.com/NewSupermaxMaterials/Locked-Up-Alone-Guantanamo-HRW.pdf.
Caroline Isaacs and Matthew Lowen (2007). Buried Alive: Long-Term Isolation in Arizona’s Youth and Adult Prisons. May: http://afsc.org/sites/afsc.civicactions.net/files/documents/Buried%20Alive.pdf.
Commission on Safety and Abuse in America’s Prisons (2006). Confronting Confinement. Vera Institute for Justice, June: http://www.vera.org/pubs/confronting-confinement.
Daniel P. Mears (2006). Evaluating the Effectiveness of Supermax Prisons. Urban Institute, March: http://www.urban.org/publications/411326.html.
Sarah Lawrence and Daniel P. Mears (2004). Benefit-Cost Analysis of Supermax Prisons: Critical Steps and Considerations. Urban Institute: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/211972.pdf
Correctional Association (2003). Lockdown New York: Disciplinary Confinement in New York State Prisons. October: http://www.correctionalassociation.org/resource/lockdown-new-york-disciplinary-confinement-in-new-york-state-prisons.
Human Rights Watch (2003). Ill-Equipped: U.S. Prisons and Offenders with Mental Illness.http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2003/10/21/ill-equipped
Rachel Kamel and Bonnie Kerness (2003). The Prison Inside the Prison: Control Units, Supermax Prisons, and Devices of Torture. American Friends Service Committee: afsc.org/sites/afsc.civicactions.net/files/documents/PrisonInsideThePrison.pdf
Human Rights Watch (2000). Out of Sight: Super-Maximum Security Confinement in the U.S. February 1: http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2000/02/01/out-sight-super-maximum-security-confinement-us.
Human Rights Watch (1999). Red Onion State Prison: Super-Maximum Security Confinement in Virginia. April: www.hrw.org/legacy/reports/1999/redonion/.
Chase Riveland (1999). Supermax Prisons: Overview and General Considerations. National Institute of Corrections, January: static.nicic.gov/Library/014937.pdf.
Human Rights Watch (1997). Cold Storage: Super-Maximum Security Confinement in Indiana. October 1: www.hrw.org/en/reports/1997/10/01/cold-storage.