International Agreements and Guidelines

• United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (The Mandela Rules)

• The Istanbul Statement on the Use and Effects of Solitary Confinement, 2007.

• Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 2002 (not yet signed or ratified by the United States).

• UN Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners, 1990.

• UN Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment, 1988.

• UN Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 1985 (ratified by U.S. 1994).