Newspaper, Magazine, and Web Articles

Andrew Cohen (2013). “Enough Is Enough—Time for the Feds to Investigate Prison Abuse.” The Atlantic, March 20:

Jean Casella and James Ridgeway (2013). “Feds to Open New Supermax Prison Cells at “Gitmo North.” Solitary Watch, February 8:

Natasha Lennard (2013). “Bureau Of Prisons Agrees To Solitary Confinement Review.” Salon, February 5:

Alana Horowitz (2013). “Mental Illness Soars In Prisons, Jails While Inmates Suffer.” Huffington Post, February 4:

Paige St. John (2013). “California Starts Emptying Solitary Confinement Cells.” Los Angeles Times, January 4:

Monica Gokey (2012). “In The Hole.” Missoula Independent, December 6:

George Pawlaczyk and Beth Hundsdorfer (2012). “Tamms Guards Are Paid $425,000 In Overtime For Year.” Belleville News-Democrat, December 1:

Shane Bauer (2012). “Solitary in Iran Nearly Broke Me. Then I Went Inside America’s Prisons.” Mother Jones, November/December 2012 issue:

Ruth Marcus (2012). “Why Are We Subjecting Our Youths To Solitary Confinement?” Washington Post, October 16:

Terri Judd (2012). “UN Advisor Says Sending Muslim Cleric Abu Hamza To US Would Equal Torture.” The Independent, October 3:

Mosi Secret (2012). “Prisoners’ Letters Offer A Window Into Lives Spent Alone in Tiny Cells.” New York Times, October 1:

Sadhbh Walshe (2012). “US ‘Supermax’ Prison Is Condemned Internationally For Its Abusive Regime.” The Guardian, September 18:

Ry Rivard (2012). “Juvenile Facility Changes Protocol For Corrections Facilities.” Charleston Daily Mail, September 18:

Statesman Editorial Board (2012). “Solitary Confinement Reform Needed.” The Austin American-Statesman, September 5:

Maurice Chammah (2012). “Lawmakers, Advocates Revisit State’s Approach to Solitary Confinement.” The Texas Tribune, September 5:

Mike Ward (2012). “Senators Push For Rehab Programs For State’s Most Violent Prisoners.” The Austin American-Statesman, September 4:

Larry Neumeister (2012). “Lawyer Seeks To Ease Conditions For ’93 WTC Bomber.” Associated Press, August 22:

Andrew Cohen (2012). “Prison Chief’s Unnerving Suicide-Prevention Memo: ‘I Want You To Succeed.’” The Atlantic, August 3:

Benjamin Weiser (2012). “Pondering Solitary Future for Gangster Held in Isolation for Years.” New York Times, July 8:

Baltimore Sun Editorial (2012). “Torture By Another Name.” The Baltimore Sun, July 8:

Colin Dayan (2012). “Destroying The Soul.” Washington Post, July 5:

Patrick Yeagle (2012). “Quinn Still Plans To Close Tamms Supermax.” Illinois Times, June 21:

Erica Goode (2012). “Senators Start a Review of Solitary Confinement.” New York Times, June 19:

James Ridgeway, Jean Casella, and Sal Rodriguez (2012). “Senators Finally Ponder The Question: Is Solitary Confinement Wrong?” Mother Jones, June 19:

Andrew Cohen (2012). “An American Gulag: Descending into Madness at Supermax.” The Atlantic, June 18:

Bob Ortega (2012). “Critics: ‘Maximum Security’ A Factor In Prison Suicide Rate.” The Republic, June 2:

Ryan Devereaux (2012). “Prisoners Challenge Legality Of Solitary Confinement Lasting More Than A Decade.” The Guardian, May 31:

Anita Kumar (2012). “Virginia Inmates Embark On Hunger Strike to Protest Prison Conditions.” The Washington Post, May 22:

Rema Rahman (2012). “Mentally Ill Inmates Sue To Get Out Of Solitary.” Associated Press, May 17:

George Pawlaczyk (2012). “Tamm’s Future Is On The Line: Will Panel Recommend Closing Supermax Prison?” Belleville News-Democrat, April 28:

Ry Rivard (2012). “State Youth Corrections Facility Faces Lawsuit.” Charleston Daily Mail, April 26:

Matt Stroud (2012). “Why Are Prisoners Committing Suicide in Pennsylvania?” The Nation, April 18:

James Ridgeway and Jean Casella (2012). “Torturous Milestone: 40 Years in Solitary Confinement.”, April 17:

Denver Post Editorial (2012). “Editorial: Supermax ruling opens door to justice for terrorists.” Denver Post, April 15:

New York Times Editorial Board (2012). “The Abuse of Solitary Confinement.” New York Times, March 15:

Erica Goode (2012). “Prisons Rethink Isolation, Saving Money, Lives, and Sanity.” New York Times, March 10:

Jeff Gerritt (2012). “Mentally Ill Get Punishment Instead of Treatment.” Detroit Free Press, February 5:

Susan Greene (2012). “The Gray Box: An Investigative Look at Solitary Confinement.” Dart Society Reports, January 24:

Elisa Mosler (2012). “Solitary Confinement in Great Britain: Still Harsh, But Rare.” Solitary Watch, January 19:

Anita Kumar (2012). “Virginia Prisons’ Use of Solitary Confinement Is Scrutinized.” Washington Post, January 7:

Sarah Shourd (2011). “Tortured by Solitude” (op-ed). New York Times, November 5:

George Pawlaczyk and Buth Hundsdorfer (2011). “Inmate Wants Out of Tamms; Attorney Says Years of Solitary Confinement Have Harmed His Mental Health.” Belleville News-Democrat, August 28:

Washington Post Editorial Board (2011). “Solitary Confinement Should Be a Last Resort.” Washington Post, August 21:

Helen Redmond (2011). “Supermax Prisons: 21st Century Asylums.” Al Jazeera English, August 5:

New York Times Editorial Board (2011) “Cruel Isolation.” New York Times, August 1:

James Ridgeway and Jean Casella (2011). “A Hunger for Justice in Pelican Bay.” The Guardian, July 25:

Colin Dayan (2011). “Barbarous Confinement” (op-ed). New York Times, July 17:

Elisa Mosler (2011). “Texas Lockdown: Solitary Confinement in the Lone Star State.” Solitary Watch, July 6:

Angola 3 News (2011). “Confronting Torture in U.S. Prisons: A Q & A with Solitary Watch.” Alternet, June 17:

Lance Tapley (2011). “Reform Comes to the Supermax.” Portland Phoenix, May 25:

Jean Casella and James Ridgeway (2011). “America’s Most Isolated Federal Prisoner Describes 10,220 Days in Extreme Solitary Confinement.” Solitary Watch, May 5:

Daniel Goldman (2011). “Solitary Confinement Comes to Capitol Hill.” Solitary Watch, April 11:

James Ridgeway and Jean Casella (2011). “Cruel and Usual: U.S. Solitary Confinement.” Al Jazeera English, March 19:

James Ridgeway and Jean Casella (2011). “Fortresses of Solitude.” Solitary Watch, February 28 and March 1:

Karen Franklin (2011). “Supermax Prisons: Hell on earth or…not so bad after all?” Psychology Today, January 6:

Lance Tapley (2010). “The Worst of the Worst: Supermax Torture in America.” Boston Review, November/December:

Dave Mann (2010). “Solitary Men.” Texas Observer, November 10:

Chase Madar (2010). “All American Gitmos.” TomDispatch, November 4:

Anne-Marie Cusac. “Torture Is American.” Huffington Post, October 6:

Ken Strutin (2010). “Solitary Confinement.”, August 10, 2010:

Matt Stroud (2010). “A Death in Solitary.” Philadelphia CityPaper, August 4:

Charles Piller (2010). “Due Process for Prisoner Proceedings Allegedly Violated” and “Charges, Grievances Create Huge Workload.” Sacramento Bee, August 1: and

Daniel Redman (2010). “‘I Was Scared to Sleep’: LGBT Youth Face Violence Behind Bars.” The Nation, June 21:

David Chura (2010). “Lessons from Solitary.” Solitary Watch, June 3:

Chris Vogel (2010). “For Their Own Good.” Houston Press, May 27:

Charles Piller (2010). “Guards Accused of Cruelty, Racism” and “California Prison Behavior Units Aim to Control Troublesome Inmates.” Sacramento Bee, May 9 and 10: and

Jean Casella and James Ridgeway (2010). “Woman Prisoner Sent to Solitary for Reporting Rape by Guard.” Solitary Watch, May 3:

Mary Beth Pfeiffer (2010). “Prison Suicide Rates Rise; Solitary Confinement Adds to Risk.” Poughkeepsie Journal, April 11:

Lance Tapley (2010). “Screams from Solitary” and “The Cost of Torture.” Portland Phoenix, February 17 & 25: and

James Ridgeway and Jean Casella (2010). “Locking Down the Mentally Ill: Solitary Confinement Cells Have Become America’s New Asylums.” Crime Report, February 17:

Jean Casella and James Ridgeway (2010). “Children in Lockdown: Solitary Confinement of Teens in Adult Prisons.” Solitary Watch, January 30:

Beau Hodai (2009). “Voices from the Hellmouth: For Convict Journalists Freedom of the Press Is Not So Black and White.” Extra! (Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting), December:

Chris Hedges (2009). “One Day We’ll All Be Terrorists.” Truthdig, December 28:

Gerald L. Shargel (2009). “A Fate Worse Than Gitmo.” Daily Beast, December 22:

Eric Bland (2009). “Even Bacteria Get Lonely.” Discovery News, December 18:

Tom Barry (2009). “A Death in Texas: Profits, Poverty, and Immigration Converge.” Boston Review, November/December:

Stephen S. Eisenman (2009). “The Resistable Rise and Predictable Fall of the U.S. Supermax.” Monthly Review, November:

Washington Post Editorial Board (2009). “Solitary Disgrace: Prisons Should Abolish Long-Term Solitary Confinement.” Washington Post, November 28:

Daphne Eviatar (2009). “U.S. Prison Conditions Far Worse Than Guantanamo’s.” Washington Independent, October 5:

Eli Braun (2009). “Trapped: Solitary Confinement.” Streetvibes, September 1:

Beth Hundsdorfer and George Pawlaczyk (2009). “Trapped in Tamms” (series on Illinois supermax). Belleville News-Democrat, August:

ScienceDaily Staff (2009). “Cruel And Inhuman Treatment Causes More Mental Damage Than Physical Torture, Study Suggests.” ScienceDaily, June 2:

Brandon Keim (2009). “Solitary Confinement: The Invisible Torture” (interview with psychologist Craig Haney). Wired, April 29:

Alexander Cockburn (2009). “A Fate Worse Than Death.” First Post, April 9:,news-comment,news-politics,life-without-parole-a-fate-worse-than-the-death-penalty.

Atul Gawande (2009). “Hellhole: Is Long-Term Solitary Confinement Torture?” The New Yorker, March 30:

Jeffrey Felshman (2008). “Hell in a Cell: Tamms Supermax.” Chicago Reader, April 24:

Jessica Pupovac (2008). “Torture in Our Own Backyards: The Fight Against Supermax Prisons.” Alternet, March 24:

Boston Globe Spotlight Team (2007). “Breakdown: The Prison Suicide Crisis” (multimedia series). Boston Globe, December 7-11:

Stephen Soldz (2007). “Isolation Torture Routine at Guatánamo.” Counterpunch, November 21:

Jeffrey Kluger (2007). “Are Prisons Driving Prisoners Mad?” Time, January 26:,9171,1582304,00.html.

Kevin Johnson (2006). “Inmate Suicides Linked to Solitary.” USA Today, December 27:

Meg Laughlin (2006). “Does Separation Equal Suffering?” St. Petersburg Times, December 17:

Sol Wachtler (2006). “A Cell of One’s Own.” New York Times, September 24:

H. Bruce Franklin (2006). “The American Prison and the Normalization of Torture.” Torture, American Style ( Historians Against the War), May:

Edna Fernandes (2006). “Supermax Prison, the Alcatraz of the Rockies.” Sunday Times (UK), May 4:

By Ken Picard (2006). “Cruel and Unusual? Dying in Solitary in a New York Prison.” Seven Days, January 25:

Lance Tapley (2005). “Torture in Maine’s Prison” (series on Maine supermax), Portland Phoenix, November 11-17:

Michael B. Mushlin (2005). “Breeding Psychotics.” New York Times, March 27.

Joan Dayan (2004). “Cruel and Unusual: The End of the Eighth Amendment.” Boston Review, October/November:

Leah Caldwell (2004). “From Supermax to Abu Ghraib: The Masterminds of Torture, Humiliation and Abuse.” Counterpunch, October 15:

Alan Elsner (2004). “Supermax Prisons: A Growing Human Rights Issue.” Champion Magazine (National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers), August:,supermax.

Vince Beiser (2003). “A Necessary Evil?” Los Angeles Times, October 19:

Daniel Brook (2003). “A History of Hard Time: Solitary Confinement Then and Now.” Legal Affairs, January/February:

Kevin Johnson (2002). “From Extreme Isolation, Waves of Felons Are Freed.” USA Today, December 11:

Sasha Abramsky (2002). “Return of the Madhouse: Supermax Prisons Are Becoming the High-tech Equivalent of the Nineteenth-Century Snake Pit.” American Prospect, February 11:

Sasha Abramsky (2002). “Return of the Madhouse.” The American Prospect, January 23:

Julian Borger (2002). “America’s Most Unwanted Turn to the Law.” The Guardian, January 12:

Claire Schaeffer-Duffy (2000). “Long-term Lockdowns.” National Catholic Reporter, December 8:

Sasha Abramsky (1999). “When They Get Out.” The Atlantic, June:

J.E. Relly (1999). “Supermax: Inside, No One Can Hear You Scream.” Tucson Weekly, April 29:

Craig Timberg (1999). “At Virginia’s Toughest Prison, Tight Controls.” Washington Post, April 18: